Nomenclatura en español y en italiano de los instrumentos de la orquesta sinfónica

Madera

  • Flautín (Fl-tín) – – – – – – – – – – – – – Piccolo (Picc.)
  • Flautas (Fl.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Flauti – singular Flauto – (Fl.)
  • Oboes (Ob.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Oboi – singular Oboe – (Ob.)
  • Corno inglés (C. i.) – – – – – – – – – – Corno inglese (C. i.)
  • Requinto (Requ.) – – – – – – – – – – – Clarinetto piccolo (Cl. picc.)
  • Clarinetes (Cl.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – Clarinetti (Cl.)
  • Clarinete bajo (Cl. b.) – – – – – – – – Clarinetto basso (Cl. b.)
  • Fagots (Fag.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Fagotti – singular Fagotto – (Fag.)
  • Contrafagot (C-fag.) – – – – – – – – – Contrafagotto (C-fag.)

Metal

  • Trompas (Tr-pas) – – – – – – – – – – – – Corni – singular Corno – (Cor.)
  • Trompetas (Tr-tas) – – – – – – – – – – – Trombe – singular Tromba – (Tr-be)
  • Trombones (Tr-nes) – – – – – – – – – – Tromboni – singular Trombone – (Tr-ni)
  • Trombón tenor-bajo (Tr-n b.) – – – Trombone tenore-basso (Tr-ne b.)
  • Tuba (Tuba) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Tuba (Tuba)

Percusión

  • Timbales (Timb.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Timpani (Timp.)
  • Triángulo (Triang.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Triangolo (Triang.)
  • Castañuela (Castañ.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Castagnette (Castagn.)
  • Caja china (Caja ch.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Blocco da legno (Legno)
  • Caja (Caja) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Tamburo (Tamb.)
  • Tambor (Tamb.) – – – – – – – – – –  Tamburo militare (Tamb. mil.)
  • Plato suspendido (P-to susp.) – – – – – – – – –  Piatto sospeso (P-tto sosp.)
  • Platos a 2 (P-tos a 2) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Piatti a 2 (P-tti a 2)
  • Látigo (Lát.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Frusta (Fr-ta)
  • Yunque (Yunque) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Incudine (Incud.)
  • Bombo (Bombo) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Gran cassa (Gr. cassa)
  • Pandereta (Pand.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Tamburino (Tamb-no)
  • Tam-tam (T.-tam) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Tam-tam (T.-tam)
  • Caja de contrachapado (Caja de contr.) – – – Hammer (Hammer)
  • Lira (Lira) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Campanelli (Camp-lli)
  • Campanas tubulares (C-nas tub.) – – – – – – – – Campane tubulari (C-ne tub.)
  • Xilofón (Xilof.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Silofono (Silof.)

Polifónico

  • Arpa (Arpa) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Arpa (Arpa)
  • Celesta (Cel.) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Celesta (Cel.)
  • Piano (P-no) – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –  Piano (P-no)

Cuerda

  • Violines (V-nes) – – – – – Violini – singular Violino – (V-ni)
  • Violas (V-las) – – – – – – – Viole – singular Viola – (V-le)
  • Violoncelos (V-c.) – – – – Violoncelli – singular Violoncello – (V-c.)
  • Contrabajos (C-b.) – – – Contrabassi – singular Contrabasso – (C-b.)

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